Integrated environmental authorisations, odour emissions limits in activities with a history of odour conflicts

on .

When establishing the framework for a potentially odour emitting activity with a prior history of complaints, it is necessary to objectively evaluate both the measures designed to reduce odour emissions and the limits that will be set for an Integrated Environmental Authorisation.

Díaz Jiménez C., Montalbán Núñez F., Estivill Baena G.
Olores.org.

Keywords: Integrated environmental authorisation, odour emissions limits, odour complaints, olfactometry.

Acronims: POEA, Potential Odour Emitting Activity; POACA, Potential Odour Annoyance Causing Activity; OACA, Odour Annoyance Causing Activity, EIA, environmental impact assessment.

 

Abstract

    When establishing the framework for a potentially odour emitting activity with a prior history of complaints, it is necessary to objectively evaluate both the measures designed to reduce odour emissions and the limits that will be set for an Integrated Environmental Authorisation. In the case of odour emissions, there are different limits set by different regulations. This article will discuss and analyse the need for limits on odour emissions, using several practical examples.

 

Combination of techniques and actions for the study and resolution of complex odour issues

on .

   In order to establish possible measures to ensure the absence of impact in a population exposed to significant odour episodes it is necessary to undertake odour studies which are sufficiently rigorous, comprehensive and tailored to each individual case as opposed to the mechanical application of routine methods that only provide information that has no practical use for the effective resolution of real cases.

M. Almarcha1,2 *, I. Barrutiabengoa1, M. Puigcercós1, D. Almarcha1, M. Latorre2 y S. Nadal 2
1 Ambiente y Tecnología Consultores S.L., C/Còrsega 112, local 1, 08029-Barcelona
2 Sistemas y Tecnologías Ambientales S.A., C/Còrsega 112, local 1, 08029-Barcelona
* E-mail:

Keywords: odours, fertilizer manufacture, quantitative field olfactometry (Nasal Ranger®), volatile organic compounds (VOC), supplementary atmospheric dispersion, EOLAGE®.

 

Abstract

wind rose odours    In order to establish possible measures to ensure the absence of impact in a population exposed to significant odour episodes it is necessary to undertake odour studies which are sufficiently rigorous, comprehensive and tailored to each individual case as opposed to the mechanical application of routine methods that only provide information that has no practical use for the effective resolution of real cases.

    This paper presents the results of a detailed study of the odour impact of a NPK fertilizer manufacturing plant located in a major conurbation where numerous odor complaints systematically occur, and which may be attributed to different sources. Both olfactometric and chemical speciation techniques have been used in this work in order to characterize the emissions of the plant and also the surrounding ambient air. From the information obtained The actual odor impact of the plant, as well as the detailed composition of the emissions responsible for it, were stipulated from the information that was obtained. Subsequently, an expert evaluation of the actuation alternatives was conducted, and technologies that allowed to ensure reasonable conditions of absence of odour were selected before choosing the most appropriate one. Afterwards, the design, engineering and installation processes of the chosen solution were carried out, took out the project design, engineering and installation of the adopted solution (a supplemental pneumatic propulsion system) were carried out and, finally, its efficacy was experimentally checked. Therefore, the plant is currently already outside of the focus of odour complaints in the area.

 

Robustness analysis of technologies for odour treatment

on .

A key factor in the selection of the most appropriate technology for odour treatment is the ability of the system to recover from process fluctuations and operational upsets.
R. Lebrero1, B. Kraakman2,3, J.M. Estrada1 y R. Muñoz1
1 University of Valladolid, Chemical Engeneering and Environmental Technology Department. Raúl Muñoz:
2 CH2M HILL Australia
3 Delft University of Technology, Department of Biotechnology

Keywords : Robustness analysis, odour treatment, biofilter, activated sludge system, biotrickling filter, activated carbon adsorption, chemical scrubber

Summary

Robustness analysis biotechnologies
    A key factor in the selection of the most appropriate technology for odour treatment is the ability of the system to recover from process fluctuations and operational upsets. However, the number of studies focused on the robustness of biotechnologies for odour abatement is scarce. The objective of the present study was to perform robustness assays with different bioreactors at laboratory scale treating synthetic mixtures of odorous compounds at trace level concentrations (mg m-3 - µg m-3). The results show the capacity of the biotechnologies to recover from operational failures in short periods of time. Besides, a semi-quantitative study was conducted to compare the robustness of physico-chemical and biological technologies under real operating conditions. The study confirmed the previous results and supports biotechnologies as the optimal solution for odour treatment.

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