Let's imagine a typical case study. A company wants to start an intensive pig Farm very close to a small village. This company proposes the operation of an intensive pig unit with the capacity for 2500 sow places and 14,000 places for rearing production pigs. This Intensive Unit will include an anaerobic digestion (AD) plant with subsequent biogas combustion for the treatment of pig manures and slurries generated by the intensive farming activities, and mixed with imported maize and spoiled wheat straw.
Although the facility will be surrounded predominantly by arable farmland, the site will be located on the edge of the village. The closest residential properties will be within 100 m of the proposed Installation boundary. A Prison with 300 inmates will be also within 250 m of the boundary.